Rugs and carpets have a rich history, only part of which is known. Ancient rugs are very rare because the earliest rugs were made of organic fibers. Organic fibers disintegrate speedily over time, thus preservation over thousands of years is extremely rare. What we do know is that the art of weaving is very old and dates back thousands of years.
Weaving began with rough, simple mats and baskets made of grasses, reeds, leaves, and other natural materials. The first true ‘rugs’ were probably rough cured skins used as floor coverings in the homes of early hunters. With tough, flexible backing and generally soft material (called ‘pile’), these rugs served to keep the home more warm and insulated.
There is evidence for weaving and the existence of rugs in ancient Mesopotamia and Turkey as far back as 7000 and 8000 B.C.E., and in Egypt (wool and cotton) as early as the third millennium B.C.E. Mongolia and China were also main players in the textile industry, and nomadic herders and Chinese weavers were among the first to develop and weave wool rugs.
Weaving developed in many other parts of the world in addition to Europe, including parts of the Americas as far back as 5500 B.C.E. Weavers began to use natural colors and gradually transitioned to using vegetable, flower, and insect materials.
Silk development in China, the ornate, intricate embroidery and designs of Turkey and Mongolia, and the development of more sophisticated looms and weaving techniques throughout the world lifted rug-making from necessity to art form.
Italian merchants first brought oriental rugs to Europe, where they were used as wall hangings and coverings. By 1600, France had developed a dominant weaver’s guild, and England wasn’t far behind. The 1700’s marked England’s emergence into the weaving industry, and by about 1830, a good portion of the wool produced in England was used for carpets.
Various machines were created to aid the process of weaving, and looms have become so sophisticated today that they run off of computer algorithms. Rugs were not widely available in the US and Europe until the onset of mass production and the invention of industrial grade machines.
The first steam-powered loom appeared in 1787, and by 1876, the invention of the Axminster loom, a machine that permitted unlimited use of color and design, boosted the production of carpets. The advent of synthetic fibers and tufted carpet (carpet manufactured by the insertion of tufts of yarn through a carpet-backing fabric) made mass production and purchase of carpets easier, faster, and less expensive.
Advice On How To Go About Fixing Your Home’s Interior
If you have lived in your home for any amount of time, you are probably ready for a change. Your home is your haven, so you must make it reflect you and your personality. If you aren’t sure how to do that, this article contains some interior design tips to help you out.
A great interior design tip is to always be aware of space when you’re designing. If you go crazy with a room it might end up getting cluttered. No matter how nice looking and well decorated a room is, if there isn’t enough space to move around no one will even bother to go in it.
You can never go wrong by adding a little greenery to whichever room your are designing. Plants make wonderful additions to any room as they give your room a refreshing and lively look. A few strategically placed plants will greatly improve the decor of your room so long as you remember to water them!
There is such a thing as too much, as adding too many items to a room will make it look cluttered. An excessive amount of accessories and furniture is likely to cause your room to appear small and cramped. Rather than having this cramped space, choose a few vital pieces and give yourself more of an open space to the area.
If you are planning on having a baby, try to set aside a room near the master bedroom to hold your child. This is important as you do not want to have to walk a long way to get to your baby in the middle of the night when he or she is crying.
Arrange your furniture smartly. Walk around your rooms and take different paths: are you able to easily go from one room to the other? Furniture should not be in your way, and yet some items should be made central if you wish to create a theme or a color pattern based on a piece of furniture.
Consider the function of the room you intend to decorate. Ask yourself how many people will be in this room at the same time and what they will be doing. Keep your loved ones in mind as you plan your living room design, and when altering the bedroom, make only yourself and your partner the main priority.
If you’re feeling uninspired, pick a single piece you love and build your room around that. Do you have a family heirloom lamp you’re excited to display? A beautifully framed picture of your loved ones? When you use a piece, you love as a starting point, it’ll be easy to put together an entire room that feels special.
Get creative. Even if you don’t consider yourself a great artist, you can make a wonderful collection of art. Draw a symbol or an abstract piece on a piece of drawing paper. It doesn’t have to be that big. Put it in a high quality frame. If you want really do something nice, create 3 or 4 drawings and frame them all together.
When designing a child’s room put yourself in their shoes. Get down and look at the design plan from their perspective. This will help you when you hang shelves or hooks for them to use. You don’t want to put these fixtures so high that your child will not be able to use them.
Don’t forget to consider lighting when you’re designing a room. You don’t want things to be too dark and hard to see or else you risk eye strain. You can put in nice lights that will compliment your room, or you can use natural light. Mirrors are great at reflecting light from windows, so strategic placement of a mirror can help lighten a room with natural sunlight.
Neutral colors are great to use in any room of your house as they can match almost any design or color. These colors include beige, taupe, black and white and are a very good type of shade if you are decorating with a contemporary style. Incorporate these colors if you want to be on the safe side with your color scheme.
Now that you have some ideas, it’s important to get started. It is really easy to get distracted by your responsibilities, but you have to make time for you! You will feel much more relaxed when you finally have some time to transform your spaced and feel more at home in your house.